Dating an alvarez guitar
Dating an alvarez guitar
The brother of King Charles III - banished from court for marrying beneath him - commissioned this group portrait of his family and servants.It is evening, the master of the household is playing cards, while his wife is having her hair done.
In this way and through subsequent ‘bitings’ of the plate in an acid bath, soft, velvety and granular shaded areas would be produced.
There, over the course of five years, he designed some 42 patterns, many of which were used to decorate (and insulate) the bare stone walls of El Escorial and the Palacio Real de El Pardo, the newly built residences of the Spanish monarchs.
This brought his artistic talents to the attention of the Spanish monarchs who later would give him access to the royal court.
Later that year, he returned to Zaragoza and painted a part of the cupola of the Basilica of the Pillar, frescoes of the oratory of the cloisters of Aula Dei, and the frescoes of the Sobradiel Palace.
He studied with Francisco Bayeu y Subías and his painting began to show signs of the delicate tonalities for which he became known. His marriage to Josefa (he nicknamed her "Pepa"), and Francisco Bayeu's membership of the Royal Academy of Fine Art (from the year 1765) helped him to procure work with the Royal Tapestry Workshop.
In Los Caprichos Goya experimented with the relatively recent technique of aquatint.
This involved covering some parts of the metal plate used to produce the print with a porous resin, while ‘stopping out’ other parts (that is, preventing them from absorbing ink) by covering them with varnish.
In these the artist used the popular imagery of caricature in a highly original and inventive form for his first essay in the criticism of political, social and religious abuses, for which he is famous.
His mastery of the recently developed technique of aquatint makes these etchings a major achievement in the history of engraving.
Thus, Goya was able to enhance the effects of etched lines (or drawing) through the addition of varied and expressive tonal effects.
Half-tones could be created through the process of burnishing, in which a special tool is used to make flatter or smoothed-down areas of the plate which carry less ink than they would have done and hence produce lighter areas on the finished print.
He also painted a canvas for the altar of the Church of San Francisco El Grande, which led to his appointment as a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Art.