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The name may suggest, for example, that he underwent special spiritual and military training (as a pniesesock, or otherwise), and for this reason was selected for his role as liaison with the English settlers in 1620 (see below).Or perhaps the name was selected at the time of his 1621 encounter with the English settlers either as a defense to their cultural or religious influence or because he was entering a cultural no-mans-land.
The polity of the sachem was called a sontimooonk or sachemship.Sachems achieved consensus through the consent of these men, who probably also were involved in the selection of new sachems (among those within the prescribed degree of kinship to the incumbent).One or more "principal men" were almost always present when sachems ceded land, perhaps suggesting that their consent was necessary.The members of this polity were those who pledged to defend not only the sachem himself by the institution of the sachemship itself.Sachems were advised by "principal men" of the community, called ahtaskoaog, generally called "nobles" by the English. ) – late November 1622 o.s.), more commonly known by the diminutive variant Squanto, was a member of the Patuxet tribe best known for being an early liaison between the native populations in Southern New England and the Mayflower Pilgrims who made their settlement at the site of Squanto's former summer village.
The Patuxet tribe lived on the western coast of Cape Cod Bay, where in 1614 Squanto was abducted by the Englishman Thomas Hunt and brought first to Spain and then England, where he lived for several years with a merchant involved in a project to settle Newfoundland.
In such a case reasonable conclusions about a culture's organization and beliefs may be made by reference to other tribes in the same area "which may be expected to share cultural traits." In this case the Southern New England tribes were closely related linguistically (through similar Algonquin languages), politically (by the Pokanoket suzerainty), economically (by trade) and ethnically.
Unlike the native inhabitants living in northern Maine and Canada where the annual growing season was insufficiently long to reliably produce maize harvests (and they, as a result, were required to live a fairly nomadic existence Although their habitations were relatively mobile, being made of striplings fixed in a circle in the ground with their tops tied by walnut bark (with hole for smoke from central fire inside), covered with mats of reed, hemp and hides, the one main migration of the entire population of each tribe (including women and children) was a biannual one and took place only from winter residence (in warmer forested areas) to summer habitation (near the cornfields) and back again.
He played a key role in the early meetings in March 1621, partly because he spoke English.
He then lived with the Pilgrims for 20 months, acting as a translator, guide, and advisor.
He introduced the settlers to the fur trade, and taught them how to sow and fertilize native crops, which proved vital since the seeds which the Pilgrims had brought from England largely failed.