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Magellan was born in Sabrosa, northern Portugal, of a noble Portuguese family.

Here he sighted a mountain and shouted "Monte video" ("I see a mountain") so giving the name to the city, founded two centuries later, which became the capital of Uruguay.

On March 31, as the southern winter was beginning, his fleet put into what is now Port San Julián, on the southern coast of Patagonia, where it remained for nearly six months.

During that period the crew came to resent their Portuguese captain and a mutiny occurred, forcing Magellan to execute the ringleader.

It took 38 days to navigate the treacherous strait, and the crew of the San Antonio deserted and returned to Spain.

Fires were seen along the shores to the south, causing Magellan to name this land Tierra del Fuego (land of fire).

The survivors resorted to chewing boiled leather, rats, and sawdust before reaching Guam in the Mariana Islands on March 6, 1521. The natives were friendly and enabled them to resupply, but there was a tendency to pilfering , a cultural misunderstanding which led Magellan to call the islands the Ladrones (the Islands of Thieves).

Sailing westward in search of the Moluccas, perhaps not realizing he was far to the north of them, after 10 days Magellan became the first European to see the Philippines, landing on the island of Cebu on April 7.Since Portugal was strengthening its grip in the East Indies, it was clearly in Spain's interest to establish the position of the corresponding demarcation line on the opposite side of the Earth, in case any of the lucrative territories there fell within their zone.Nobody was certain which side of this line the Moluccas lay.The route eastward was controlled by Portugal under the terms of the Treaty of Tordesillas.This had laid down a Line of Demarcation, to the east of which the Portuguese were given title, and to the west the Spanish.There he made an alliance with the ruler of the island and agreed to aid him in an attack on the inhabitants of the neighbouring island of Mactan.